輕聲【四】

(12) 複音詞的輕聲:說話時習慣性將下一字說成輕聲

  1. 雙音無法拆開 – 葡萄(・ㄊㄠ)、蘿蔔、垃圾、玫瑰、駱駝、喇叭、葫蘆、駱駝
  2. 雙音拆開後,沒有原複音詞的意義 – 東西(・ㄒー)、點心、馬虎
  3. 雙音結合後,仍保有原單音詞的意義 – 日頭(・ㄊㄡ)、月亮、雲彩、角色
  4. 雙音義近的複音詞 – 容貌(・ㄇㄠ)、尊敬、富裕

 

(13) 三音詞中間的字音讀輕聲:摩托(・ㄊㄨㄛ)車、台北(・ㄅㄟ)市、土耳(・ㄦ)其

  • 專有名詞和普通名詞的末尾字讀輕聲:亞洲(・ㄓㄡ)、中國、萬縣
  • 省區和商埠的末尾字也讀輕聲:山東(・ㄉㄨㄥ)、河北、上海、廣州

 

(14) 四音詞的輕聲:

  1.  疊詞法:休息(・ㄒー)休息(・ㄒー)、運動(・ㄉㄨㄥ)運動(・ㄉㄨㄥ)
  2. 疊字詞:實實(・ㄕ)在在、明明(・ㄇㄧㄥ)白白
  3. 自然形成:直眉(・ㄇㄟ)瞪眼、扎手(・ㄕㄡ)舞腳

圖取自網路

參考書目:高中國文-語音學

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